Chaudhary Charan Singh National Institute of Animal Health (CCS NIAH), Baghpat was established by the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Government of India, under the sub scheme “Establishment of National Veterinary Biological Products Quality Control Center”, under the Central Sector Scheme ‘’Directorate of Animal Health’’ as a national facility for quality assessment of veterinary vaccines and diagnostics to be used in India.
The need of a national facility for quality control of the vaccine being produced in the country was felt long back to include it as a separate scheme “Establishment of National Veterinary Biological Products Quality Control Centre” during the 5th five year plan. The EFC of the scheme was cleared during the 6th plan by the Department Sanctioning Committee with staff strength of 29 in 1983.
During the 8th five year plan, the existing scheme National Veterinary Biological Products Quality Control Centre (NVBQPCC) was clubbed along with two other schemes namely Animal Quarantine and Certification Services and Disease Diagnostic Laboratories to form the scheme”Directorate of Animal Health”. During the 6th to 9th Plan period, the efforts of the department to select and acquire suitable land was not met with success. The expert committee gave its report in February 2002 and recommended that the site selected at Baghpat was most suitable for locating the NVBPQCC laboratory.The foundation stone for the laboratory was laid on the 2nd March 2003 by the then Honorable Union Minister for Agriculture, Shri Ajit Singh.
The facility was established in a phased manner after joining of the founder Director in 2006. The Uttar Pradesh State Industrial Development Corporation Ltd. was entrusted the responsibility of executing the civil and electrical works of the project.
The project was inaugurated by the Hon’ble Union Minister for Agriculture, Cooperation and consumer Affairs on the 1st September,2010.
In order to develop CCSNIAH as a self-sustainable independent laboratory system to ensure quality standards of veterinary biologicals in India and South Asian region, it is important to envisage role of laboratory in short- and longterm and to delineate the road map as the vision document of the laboratory. The laboratory aims to cater to needs of stakeholders in livestock health sector by ensuring availability of effective and safe veterinary biologicals in the region, which in turn would support the enhanced productivity and nutritional security. There is an increasing need to emphasize on prevention of diseases to replace excessive and indiscriminate use of antibiotics which is foreseeable through the use of effective and safe immunoprohylactics. The scope of institute would also be extended to supporting better human health through supply of safe livestock products in the emerging scenario of the holistic ‘One Health’ approach. CCS NIAH visualizes to manage the regulatory affairs as per the requirement in changing operating environment and future developments in the fields of biotechnology and veterinary medicine. The main objective of the institute is to ensure the highest level of standards of veterinary biologicals produced or used in India. The expected function of control and regulation of veterinary biologicals through CCSNIAH as ‘ the referral assay laboratory ’ can be effectively achieved by laying down a dynamic road-map through continuous thought process, reviewing and improvements, which will act as a benchmark at every step. Goals and Targets Since the institute has got a vast potential to be a leader in South Asian region, especially amongst the countries of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), it must be prepared to take up the envisaged challenges. These include the quality assurance and control of huge number of veterinary biologicals through the establishment and use of sound regulatory mechanisms. Additionally, the institute should be ready with testing methods for newly developed veterinary vaccines employing the state-of-the-art technologies in future. For this, institute has to have a strong base for research and development. Institute could serve as a common platform to co-ordinate public and private manufacturers for harmonization of veterinary biologicals in India. All the stakeholders should function on the common program to provide uniform quality of veterinary biologicals throughout the country.